Austin's E. 11th Street was once a business and entertainment corridor for the city's black residents. Back in the 1950s and 60s, nightclubs on the street hosted major music acts. Shops also served residents during the day.
You had Hillside Pharmacy, which was the main pharmacy for African-American residents on the eastside. Hillside Pharmacy, by name, still exists, but it is now a restaurant and Pharm, P-H-A-R-M has been replaced by Farm F-A-R-M to highlight the farm-to-table service that this restaurant provides to its customers.”
And residents had few options of where to shop — or where to live. In 1928, the city of Austin approved a plan to cut off basic services to black residents unless they lived in east Austin. The goal was to keep the races from mixing. Black residents who refused to move to this area risked being denied basic city services such as water, electricity, or proper roads. So, this area became a bustling black neighborhood, and remained that way for the next 60 years.
With the growth of Austin, East Austin has seen what most black areas have gone through which is gentrification and is at the brink of losing its rich history and culture to new housing developments and restaurants..